In this selection from his 1852 Fourth of July Oration, Frederick Douglass denounces the hypocrisy of expecting Black Americans to celebrate the fourth of July in the USA. Douglass shows that Black Americans have a counter-narrative to the white american "independence day" that must be heard - or else America is destined to the fate of Babylon.
In this audio recording, Tyson Amir examines the battle over Malcolm X’s legacy. By weaving together personal narrative and Black social history, he complicates the reduction of Islam in America to its post-9/11 iteration. Rather, he turns his gaze toward the Islam “born, bred, and lived in the midst of the most heinous system of slavery in the history of our species.” Amir situates the figure of Malcolm X within this genealogy and demonstrates the ways in which his legacy is frequently reduced to (a misinterpretation of) his post Hajj moment. While these narratives claim Malcolm X as a post-racial advocate of non-violence, Amir articulates Malcolm’s firm commitment to self-defense, and the undying “black anger” that inspired many.